Skip to Main Content

Generative Artificial Intelligence : Generative AI In Education

This page includes highlighted research, resources and videos of generative AI in education.

Citation And Generative AI

Hosseini, M., Resnik, D.B., & Holmes, K. (2023). The ethics of disclosing the use of artificial intelligence tools in writing scholarly manuscripts. Research Ethics, 10, 440-465. doi: 10.1177/1747016123118044

Article summary: recommend that researchers disclose the use of LLMs in the introduction or methods section to describe detailed uses of prompts ; use in-text citations and references for the use of LLMs ; record LLM prompts and answers as supplementary material or in appendices ; LLMs cannot be an author 

Prompt Engineering And Generative AI

CLEAR Framework for Prompt Engineering

From: Lo, L.S. CLEARer Dialogues with AI: Unpacking Prompt Engineering for Librarians [webinar] – CHOICE Media Channel (September 2023)







  • Use clear, simple language.
  • Prioritize critical information.
  • Be succinct.
  • Remove irrelevant details.


  • Structure information in order.
  • Establish context and relationships.
  • Ensure logical flow.


  • Define instructions and format.
  • Specify length, sources, terminology.
  • Set tone, reading level restrictions.
  • Provide examples.


  • Be flexible – rephrase and restructure.
  • Use multiple, follow-up prompts to narrow your question.


  • Carefully evaluate AI responses.
  • Identify areas for improvement.
  • Use insights to refine further strategies for engagement.

See also:

  • Lo, L. S. (2023). The art and science of prompt engineering: A new literacy in the information age. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 27, 203-210. doi: 10.1080/10875301.2023.2227621

Request through ILL

  • Lo, L. S. (2023). The clear path: A framework for enhancing information literacy through prompt engineering. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 49, 102720. doi: 10.1016/j.acalib.2023.102720

Request through ILL

Articles, Reports & Resources On Generative AI In Education

  • ACUE Toolkit - Teaching With AI - toolkit includes :
    • Basics of generative AI interactive video
    • History of artificial intelligence infographic
    • Artificial intelligence vocabulary terms
    • Take the AI quiz
    • Explore and purchase ACUE's AI quick study courses

Extance, A. (2023). ChatGPT has entered the classroom: how LLMs could transform education. Nature, 623. 474-477. doi: 10.1038/d41586-023-03507-3

Gilson, A., Safranek, C.W., Huang, T., Socrates, V., Chi, L., Taylor, R.A., Chartash, D. (2023). How does ChatGPT perform on the United States Medical Licensing Examination? The implications of large language models for medical education and knowledge assessment. JMIR Med Educ. 9. e45312. doi: 10.2196/45312

Press, G. (2024, Feb 14). Is AI going to transform higher education and how? Forbes. (features Shlomo Engelson Argamon - Associate Provost for AI and Professor of Computer Science at Touro University)

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, April 26). Let ChatGPT be your assistant. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Peters, M. (2023, September 13). Stop focusing on plagiarism, even though ChatGPT is here. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, September 24). Student use cases for AI. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, September 24). AI As Feedback Generator. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, September 24). AI as personal tutor. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, September 24). AI as team coach. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, September 24). AI as learner. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

Mollick, E. & Mollick, L. (2023, February 8). Why all our classes became AI classes. Harvard Business Publishing Education.

No authors listed. (2023). Why teachers should explore ChatGPT's potential - despite the risks [Editorial]. Nature, 623. 457-458. doi: 10.1038/d41586-023-03505-5

How AI Could Save (Not Destroy) Education (15:36) by Sal Khan – TED – May 1, 2023
Who Does The Thinking? : The Role Of Generative AI In Higher Education (1 hr 32 min) by International Association Of Universities
AI+Education Summit : Generative AI For Education (1 hr 5 min) by Stanford Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI) - February 15, 2023
Harnessing A.I. For Education (56:12) - by the Aspen Institute - June 30, 2023
Artificial Intelligence And The Future Of Higher Education (42:07) by Global Silicon Valley
Generative AI In Education (2 hrs 5 min) by RMAIIG (Rocky Mountain AI Interest Group) - August 8, 2023
Artificial Intelligence, ChatGPT, And Academic Integrity - The Implications For Higher Education (1 hr 32 min) by Dalhousie University Faculty Of Open Learning & Career Development